The Ekushey Book Fair or Amar Ekushe Grantha Mela, popularly known as Ekushey Boi Mela is the national book fair of Bangladesh. It is arranged each year by Bangla Academy and takes place for the whole month of February in Dhaka. This event is dedicated to the martyrs who died on 21 February 1952 in a demonstration calling for the establishment of Bengali as one of the state languages of former East Pakistan.
Muktodhara Publishing house started a little sale in front of Bangla Academy in the 21 February 1972, the Shaheed Day, now recognized as International Mother Language Day. Later, other book publishers joined unofficially. Gradually it became official and the most popular book fair in Bangladesh. Bangla Academy took over the organization of the fair in 1978.
Usually, the fair continues from 1 February to 28 February. It takes place in Bangla Academy premises. The Ministry of Culture is in control of the fair while the Academy does the groundwork. Usually, the Prime Minister (or the Chief Adviser in case of caretaker government) inaugurates the fair. Between 300 and 400 publishing houses take part in the fair. Only the Bangladeshi booksellers can join who have at least 25 books of their own.