Eid-ul Fitr is one of the two main Muslim religious festivals. Eid and fitr are arabic words. Eid means festival and fitr means to open, to break fasting, to go back to normal situation. Eid-ul Fitr is the day of joy on the 1st of the month of Shawwal, when people return to the normal routine of life after completing the siam (restraint) and fasting in the holy month of ramadan.
Eid-ul Fitr is celebrated in Bangladesh with great enthusiasm and festivities. On this day everyone tries to dress well and prepare improved foods according to their ability. Relatives and neighbours also share the joys of this festival. The government declares holiday for three days on the occasion. People who live in towns but have their families or parents in villages go to their country homes to meet relatives and celebrate the festival together.
Radio and television broadcast special programmes and newspapers publish special features highlighting the significance of the occasion.
Eid festival is observed in the rural areas with great fanfare. Eid fairs are organized at many rural places. These fairs are basically gatherings that promote friendship among the rural people. The fairs are arranged on the bank of a river or under a big banyan tree near the local bazaar. Handicraft items, foodstuffs and sweets are sold in the fairs. Some fairs have merry-go-rounds, puppet shows and bioscopes. In addition, shows of spiritual songs are also staged in the Eid fairs.