Eid-al Azha is one of the two main Muslim religious festivals. In Bangladesh it is popularly known as Kurbanir Eid or Bakra Eid. Eid and Azha are Arabic words meaning festival and sacrifice respectively.
Eid-ul Azha commemorates the sacrifice of Hazrat Ibrahim (A), who had been asked by Almighty Allah to sacrifice his dearest son Hazrat Ismail (A) and with the consent of his son Hazrat Ibrahim (A) arranged everything to implement Allah's order at a place called Mina near Mokka in solar year 3800. Allah was satisfied by Hazrat Ibraim's sincere intent and ordered him to sacrifice an animal in place of his son.
Eid-ul Azha is observed on the 10th of Jhu-l-Hijjah. On this day, Muslims sacrifice animals and usually cows, goats and buffaloes are sacrificed in Bangladesh. Some people are also seen to import camels for the purpose of sacrifice. One-third of the meat of the sacrificed animal is kept for the owner, one third is given to his relatives and the rest is distributed among the poor. This gives an opportunity to the rich to discharge a responsibility to the poor and also helps in development of cordiality between the rich and the poor. The hide of the sacrificial animal can be used by the owner and donated to others.
Like all other Muslims of the world, Muslims of Bangladesh celebrate Eid-ul Azha in an appropriate manner of religious fervor and enthusiasm. New clothes and accessories are bought on the occasion. People dressed in new clothes visit houses of neighbours and relatives to exchange greetings and partake of the special foods prepared on the occasion. Few days are declared government holidays on the occasion. Many go to their country homes and celebrate the Eid together with relatives. The Eid congregational prayer is held in large mosques and open fields. Radio and television broadcast special programmes and newspapers publish special features highlighting the significance of the occasion.